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There is a wide variety of neurological conditions, which can be categorized into different sub-specialties of neurology. While a general neurologist can usually help with most of these conditions, sometimes a sub-specialist, such as someone who focuses in epilepsy, may be called for.
  1. Neurovascular Disease
  2. Neurological Trauma
  3. Tumors of the Nervous System
  4. Infections of the Nervous System
  5. Multiple Sclerosis
  6. Epilepsy
  1. Peripheral Nerve Disease
  2. Neuromuscular Disease
  3. Dementia
  4. Headaches
  5. Movement Disorders
  6. Sleep Disorders

Neurovascular Disease

Stroke happens suddenly, and is a medical emergency in which every minute counts. If you think you might be having a stroke, you need to go to the nearest emergency room right away. Signs of stroke include sudden weakness, vision changes, numbness, tingling, or difficulty speaking or thinking.

Stroke is the most common kind of neurovascular disease, meaning diseases of the blood vessels that provide blood to the brain, but there are more. Learn more here.

Neurological Trauma

Neurological trauma can affect anyone, young or old. Whether the injury is to the brain or spinal cord, the results can have a dramatic effect on that person's life.

Tumors of the Nervous System

Neuro-oncology is the study of cancers that affect the brain, spinal cord, or nerves. People usually struggle coming to terms with a diagnosis of cancer. It's even harder to know that cancer is affecting the nervous system. Whether the cancer came from somewhere else in the body or originated in the nervous system, neurological tumors raise unique questions and concerns.

Infections of the Nervous System

Like any other part of the body, the brain, spinal cord and nerves are susceptible to attack by bacteria, viruses, fungi and more. While the effects of neurological infections can be dramatic, they may also be treatable with antibiotics, making it important to get help as soon as possible.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an example of an autoimmune disease, when the immune system mistakes parts of the body for an infection that must be attacked. In multiple sclerosis, the result is inflammation of the cells that normally protect and surround the nerves in the central nervous system.


There's a wide variety of things that can cause seizures. If you've had more than two seizures with no apparent cause, you may have epilepsy. Depending on the cause and severity of the epilepsy, either a general neurologist or an epilepsy specialist (called an epileptologist) may be called for.

Peripheral Nerve Disease

Disorders of the peripheral nervous system come in a wide variety. One person may have tingling and numbness of their hand and forearm due to overuse of the elbow during a tennis game. Another may have pain and tingling in their toes due to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Learn more about about the many different kinds of peripheral nerve disease, how to find the cause, and how to treat the problem.

Neuromuscular Disease

The field of neuromuscular disease is broad, and encompasses all kinds of muscle pain and weakness. This also includes weakness due to a problem at the neuromuscular junction, where the nerve communicates with muscle fibers. Some neuromuscular diseases may be managed by a neurological specialist.


Dementia involves a progressive loss of a person’s mental capabilities. Alzheimer’s disease is one of many kinds of dementia, but there are many others, including Lewy body disease, vascular dementia, and frontotemporal dementia. Learning more about these dementias is the first step to being able to help yourself or a loved one.


Almost everyone has a headache now and then. Usually, these are not life threatening, although they can seriously impair the quality of your life. How do you know when those headaches mean something more serious is going on?

Movement Disorders

There's a large number of different movement disorders. The most common is probably the familiar writer's cramp. The best known movement disorder is Parkinson's disease. This family of neurological disorders also includes progressive supranuclear palsy, multiple system atrophy, and even some problems caused by infections, toxins, or medications.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders don't just disrupt our nights, they can ruin our day by leaving us exhausted and unable to concentrate. Sleep disorders include obstructive sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, parasomnias, and more.

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